1) Chemicals and Materials

AGE Alkyl Glucoester
ALES Ammonium Lauryl Ether Sulfate
ALS Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate
AOS Alpha Olefin Sulfonate
AXS Ammonium Xylene Sulfonate
BAB Branched Alkylbenzene
BADPO Branched Alkyldiphenyl Oxide
BOPP Biaxially Oriented Poly Propylene
CI Corrosion Inhibitor
DABSA Dialkylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
DDBSA Dodecylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
DEA Diethanolamine
DPO Diphenyl Oxide
EDTA Ethylenediamine Tetraacetic Acid
EGDS Ethylene Glycol Distearate
EGMS Ethylene Glycol Monostearate
EO Ethylene Oxide
EP Extreme Pressure Additive; also Emulsion Polymerization – ACRONYMS Section 2 below.
EPS Expandable Poly Styrene
FM Friction Modifier
GO Gear Oil
H.R.STEEL Hot Rolled Steel
IPA Isopropyl Alcohol, Isopropylamine
LAB Linear Alkylbenzene
LAPDO Linear Alkyldiphenyl Oxide
LAS Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate (or Sulfonic Acid)
MEA Monoethanolamine
MIPA Monoisopropanolamine, Monoisopropylamine
O/W Oil in Water (emulsion)
PEG Polyethylene Glycol
PP Poly Propylene
PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride
R&O Rust and Oxidation
SBR Styrene Butadiene Rubber
SS Stainless Steel
SLES Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate
SLS Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
SO2 Sulfur Dioxide
SO3 Sulfur Trioxide
SXS Sodium Xylene Sulfonate
TEA Triethanolamine
TLS Triethanolamine Lauryl Sulfate
TSA Tridecylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
VCM Vinyl Chloride Monomer
W/O Water in Oil (emulsion)
ZDP Zinc Dithiophosphate

2) Methods, Instruments, Processes and Properties.

AA Atomic Absorption
BOD Biological Oxygen Demand
C of A Certificate of Analysis
CMC Critical Micelle Concentration
COD Chemical Oxygen Demand
EP Emulsion Polymerization; also Extreme Pressure Additive – ACRONYMS Section 1 above.
FTIR Fourier Transform Infra-Red (Spectroscopy)
GC Gas Chromatography
GCMS Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy
HLB Hydrophile Lipophile Balance
HPLC High Performance Liquid Chromatography
IC Ion Chromatography
MSDS Manufacturer’s Safety Data Sheet
NIR Near Infra-Red (Spectroscopy)
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Spectroscopy)
PEE Petroleum Ether Extract
PMCC Pensky-Martens Closed Cup (Flashpoint test)
PPM Parts Per Million
SPC Statistical Process Control
SQC Statistical Quality Control
TBN Total Base Number
UV/VIS Ultra-Violet/Visible (Spectroscopy)
VI Viscosity Index
VOC Volatile Organic Compound
WGK German Water Hazard Classification System

3) Governmental Groups, Acts, etc.

ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
ANSI American National Standards Institute
CFR Code of Federal Regulations.
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
HMTA Hazardous Material Transportation Act
IARC International Agency for Research in Cancer.
ISO International Standards Organization
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
NFPA National Fire Prevention Association
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NTP National Toxicology Program.
OSHA Occupational Health and Safety Administration.
TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act.

4) Safety

LC50 Lethal Concentration, 50%.
LD50 Lethal Dose, 50%.
PEL Permissible Exposure Limit.
STEL Short Term Exposure Limit.
TLV Threshold Limit Value.

5) Professional Organizations

ACS American Chemical Society
AIChE American Institute of Chemical Engineers
AOCS American Oil Chemists Society
ASM American Society for Metals
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
CH&S Chemical Health and Safety (Division of ACS)
CSMA Chemical Specialties Manufacturers Association
CTFA Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association
IP Institute of Petroleum
PMSE Polymer Materials Science and Engineering (Division of ACS) 
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SCC Society of Cosmetic Chemists
SME Society of Manufacturing Engineers
STLE Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers